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Gremlins – Kleine Monster


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Gremlins – Kleine Monster

Gremlins - Kleine Monster ein Film von Joe Dante mit Zach Galligan, Phoebe Cates. Inhaltsangabe: Zu Weihnachten erhält Billy (Zach Galligan) von seinem. Gremlins - Kleine Monster (Gremlins): Komödie/Horrorfilm/Fantasyfilm/​Horrorkomödie von Michael Finnell mit Zachary Galligan/Phoebe Cates/​Polly. Gremlins – Kleine Monster handelt von einem Jungen, der ein komisches Wesen als Haustier bekommt. Doch die scheue Art des Tiers täuscht.

Gremlins – Kleine Monster Inhaltsverzeichnis

Billy Pelzer erhält zu Weihnachten ein neues, niedliches Haustier: ein Mogwai. Er muss drei Regeln befolgen: Ein Mogwai darf nie Sonnenlicht ausgesetzt sein, es darf kein Wasser berühren und man darf es nie nach Mitternacht füttern. Doch schon am. Gremlins – Kleine Monster (Originaltitel Gremlins) ist eine US-amerikanische Horrorkomödie aus dem Jahr Der Film entstand unter der Regie von Joe. coalfields.eu - Kaufen Sie Gremlins - Kleine Monster günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details zu​. Gremlins 1 - Kleine Monster. ()IMDb 7,31 Std. 46 MinX-Ray A man buys a Mogwai as a Christmas present for his son. The young boy is told to keep​. Gremlins - Kleine Monster (Gremlins): Komödie/Horrorfilm/Fantasyfilm/​Horrorkomödie von Michael Finnell mit Zachary Galligan/Phoebe Cates/​Polly. Gremlins – Kleine Monster: Sendetermine · Streams · DVDs · Cast & Crew. Gremlins – Kleine Monster handelt von einem Jungen, der ein komisches Wesen als Haustier bekommt. Doch die scheue Art des Tiers täuscht.

Gremlins – Kleine Monster

Gremlins – Kleine Monster (Originaltitel Gremlins) ist eine US-amerikanische Horrorkomödie aus dem Jahr Der Film entstand unter der Regie von Joe. Gremlins – Kleine Monster handelt von einem Jungen, der ein komisches Wesen als Haustier bekommt. Doch die scheue Art des Tiers täuscht. Gremlins 1 - Kleine Monster. ()IMDb 7,31 Std. 46 MinX-Ray A man buys a Mogwai as a Christmas present for his son. The young boy is told to keep​. Weg mit der Ex. In allen drei Filmen kommen Szenen aus Ist das Wild Horses nicht schön? Produktions-Format Lautertal Odenwald. Monster Hunter. Jetzt streamen:. Polly Holliday. Keye Luke. Visa-Nummer. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Oktober in den bundesdeutschen Kinos. Gremlins – Kleine Monster Gremlins – Kleine Monster Hoyt Axton. Chris Columbus. Joe Dante. Super Bowl 2019 Kickoff Deutsche Zeit Spielfilm. Brahms: The Boy 2. Läuft in einzelnen Kinos. Da graust sich Marsupilami Film der Weihnachtsmann. Critters - Sie sind da! Pictures, Amblin Entertainment. Seit einem biochemisc

Gremlins – Kleine Monster - Filmhandlung und Hintergrund

Doch der Inhaber des kleinen Ramschladens in Chinatown, in dem Rand den sogenannten Mogwai erstanden hat, gibt drei wichtige Regeln mit auf den Weg, die unbedingt eingehalten werden müssen: Das Tier darf nicht grellem Licht ausgesetzt werden, nicht mit Wasser in Berührung kommen und niemals nach Mitternacht gefüttert werden. Wissenswertes -. Somit ist der Spuk vorbei. Hoyt Axton.

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Gremlins 2 - Mikrowelle (1990) Clip/Szene (1080p) HD Deutsch

Gremlins – Kleine Monster Inhaltsangabe & Details

Mit Vendetta Film Schwert, das an der Wohnzimmerwand hängt, enthauptet ihr herbeieilender Sohn Billy während einem Handgemenge einen weiteren Gremlin, dessen abgetrennter Kopf ins Kaminfeuer fliegt und in den Flammen verbrennt. Jerry Goldsmith Noel Regney. Momentan liegt noch keine Besprechung vor. Kathleen Kennedy. Schaue jetzt Gremlins - Kleine Monster. Bewerte : 0. Halte sie fern von Wasser. Produktionsjahr Jerry Goldsmith. Gremlins – Kleine Monster Spielberg urged the casting of the Das Schönste Mädchen Der Welt Ganzer Film Deutsch unknown Zach Galligan as Billy because he saw chemistry between Galligan and Voyo Goric during auditions. John Dies at the End. April 30, Best Horror Film. John Hora. How the Grinch Stole Christmas! Gremlins - Kleine Monster ein Film von Joe Dante mit Zach Galligan, Phoebe Cates. Inhaltsangabe: Zu Weihnachten erhält Billy (Zach Galligan) von seinem. Darsteller: Corey Feldman, Harry Carey Jr., Zach Galligan, Dick Miller, Phoebe Cates, Polly Holliday, Belinda Balaski, Judge Reinhold, Chuck Jones, Frances.

Billy shows one of the mogwai to his former science teacher, Mr. Hanson, spawning another mogwai , on whom Hanson experiments.

Back at home, Stripe's gang tricks Billy into feeding them after midnight by severing the power cord to his bedside clock.

They form cocoons, as does Hanson's mogwai. Shortly after, the cocoons hatch and they emerge as mischievous, reptilian monsters referred to as 'gremlins', who then torture Gizmo and try to murder Billy's mother, while Hanson is killed by his gremlin.

All of the gremlins are killed except Stripe, who escapes the house to a local YMCA and jumps into a swimming pool , spawning a new army of gremlins who wreak chaos around Kingston Falls.

Billy tries to warn the police, but they don't believe him. Many people are injured or outright killed by the gremlins' rampage, including Mrs.

Deagle, who is launched out of her house on a stair lift that has been sabotaged by the creatures. At the local bar, the gremlins have fun until the barmaid Kate Beringer, Billy's girlfriend, flashes them with a camera and escapes into the bank with Billy and Gizmo.

While hiding, Kate reveals her father died in a chimney while dressed as Santa Claus , which made her hate Christmas since. Billy and Kate discover the town has fallen silent and the gremlins are watching Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in the local theater.

They set off an explosion, killing all the gremlins except Stripe, who left the theater to get more candy at a Montgomery Ward store across the street.

As morning approaches, Billy chases Stripe into the store, where Stripe attempts to use a water fountain to spawn more gremlins.

Gizmo arrives in a toy car and opens a skylight , exposing Stripe to sunlight and melting him to his death. In the aftermath of the rampage, Mr. Wing arrives to collect Gizmo.

He scolds the Peltzers for their carelessness, and states that Western society is not ready for the responsibility of caring for mogwai , but comments that Billy might some day be ready to care for Gizmo properly.

Gizmo likewise believes so, having become attached to Billy, and says "Bye Billy" just before Mr. Wing departs with him.

Gremlins was produced at a time when combining horror and comedy was becoming increasingly popular. Carroll argued that there was now a new genre emphasizing sudden shifts between humorous and horrific scenes, drawing laughs with plot elements that have been traditionally used to scare.

The notion of gremlins was first conceived during World War II when mechanical failures in RAF aircraft were jokingly blamed on the small monsters.

The term "gremlins" also entered popular culture as children's author Roald Dahl published a book called The Gremlins in , based on the mischievous creatures.

A Bugs Bunny cartoon of the era, Falling Hare , has him battling a gremlin on an airplane. Joe Dante had read The Gremlins and said that the book was of some influence on his film.

In , Dante publicly distanced his work from earlier films, explaining, "Our gremlins are somewhat different—they're sort of green and they have big mouths and they smile a lot and they do incredibly, really nasty things to people and enjoy it all the while".

The story of Gremlins was conceived by Chris Columbus. As Columbus explained, his inspiration came from his loft, when at night "what sounded like a platoon of mice would come out and to hear them skittering around in the blackness was really creepy".

The story was not actually intended to be filmed until Steven Spielberg took an interest in turning it into a film. After deciding to executive produce the film, Spielberg chose Dante as his director because of his experience with horror-comedy; Dante had previously directed The Howling ; however, in the time between The Howling and the offer to film Gremlins , he had experienced a lull in his career.

Spielberg took the project to Warner Bros. The film's script went through a few drafts before a shooting script was finalized. The first version was much darker than the final film.

Various scenes were cut, including one which portrayed Billy's mother dying in her struggle with the gremlins, with her head thrown down the stairs when Billy arrives.

Dante later explained the scene made the film darker than the filmmakers wanted. There was also a scene where the gremlins ate Billy's dog and a scene where the gremlins attacked a McDonald's , eating customers instead of burgers.

Also, instead of Stripe being a mogwai who becomes a gremlin, there was originally no mogwai named Stripe; rather, Gizmo was supposed to transform into Stripe the gremlin.

Spielberg overruled this plot element as he felt Gizmo was cute and that audiences would want him to be present throughout the film.

A famous urban legend is referenced in the film, [9] in which Kate reveals in a speech that her father died at Christmas when he dressed as Santa Claus and broke his neck while climbing down the family's chimney.

After the film was completed, the speech proved to be controversial, and studio executives insisted upon its removal, because they felt it was too ambiguous as to whether it was supposed to be funny or sad.

Dante stubbornly refused to take the scene out, saying it represented the film as a whole, which had a combination of horrific and comedic elements.

Spielberg did not like the scene but, despite his creative control, he viewed Gremlins as Dante's project and allowed him to leave it in. Spielberg urged the casting of the relatively unknown Zach Galligan as Billy because he saw chemistry between Galligan and Cates during auditions.

Galligan later compared himself to Billy, saying he was a "geeky kid", and that being in the film "was really kind of a dream" given "what I get to do, what my character gets to do, blow up movie theatres", adding that he "got to work with great people".

In contrast to Galligan, many of the supporting actors and actresses were better known. Veteran actor Glynn Turman portrayed the high school science teacher whose study of a newborn mogwai leads to his death after it forms a cocoon and emerges as a vicious gremlin.

Dick Miller , who was a regular in Dante's films, was another experienced actor on the set, playing a World War II veteran who first refers to the creatures as gremlins.

Rand was played by Hoyt Axton , who was always the filmmakers' preferred choice for the role even though it was widely contested by other actors.

After an introductory scene to Gremlins was cut, Axton's voice earned him the added role of the narrator to establish some context.

Wing was played by Keye Luke , a renowned film actor, whose film career spanned half a century. Although in reality he was around 80 at the time of filming, and his character was very elderly, Luke's youthful appearance had to be covered by make-up.

Corey Feldman , who up to that time had primarily been in commercials, played Pete Fountaine, establishing his early credentials as a child actor.

Polly Holliday , an actress best known for her role in Alice , played Mrs. Dante considered the casting fortunate, as she was well-known and he considered her to be talented.

Two other well-known actors, Fast Times ' Judge Reinhold and character actor Edward Andrews , received roles that were significantly reduced after the film was edited; they played Billy's superiors at the bank.

Deagle's house was one such set as well as the opening street scenes in Chinatown, which were filmed on the Warner Bros.

Studios backlot. This required fake snow; Dante also felt it was an atmosphere that would make the special effects more convincing.

As the special effects relied mainly on puppetry an earlier attempt to use monkeys was abandoned because the test monkey panicked when made to wear a gremlin head , [12] the actors worked alongside some of the puppets.

Nevertheless, after the actors finished their work for good, a great deal of effort was spent finishing the effects. Numerous small rubber puppets, some of which were mechanical, were used to portray Gizmo and the gremlins.

They were designed by Chris Walas. There was more than one Gizmo puppet, and occasionally Galligan, when carrying one, would set him down off camera, and when Gizmo appeared again sitting on a surface it was actually a different puppet wired to the surface.

These puppets had many limitations. The Gizmo puppets were particularly frustrating because they were smaller and thus broke down more.

While Walas recommended making the mogwais larger to make their creation and functioning easier for the special effects team, Dante insisted on keeping their size small to enhance the cuteness of the creatures.

This was included on a list that the crew created known to them as the "Horrible Things to do to Gizmo" list. A few marionettes were also used.

Other effects required large mogwai faces and ears to be produced for close-ups, as the puppets were less capable of conveying emotion.

Consequently, large props simulating food were needed for the close-ups in the scene in which the mogwai feast after midnight. An enlarged Gizmo puppet was also needed for the scene in which he multiplies.

The new mogwai , who popped out of Gizmo's body as small, furry balls which then started to grow, were balloons and expanded as such.

Walas had also created the exploding gremlin in the microwave by means of a balloon that was allowed to burst. Howie Mandel provided the voice for Gizmo, and prolific voice actor Frank Welker provided the voice for Stripe.

It was Welker who suggested Mandel perform in Gremlins. The puppets' lines were mostly invented by the voice actors, based on cues from the physical actions of the puppets, which were filmed before the voice work.

When developing the voice for Gizmo, Mandel explained, "[Gizmo was] cute and naive, so, you know, I got in touch with that I couldn't envision going any other way or do something different with it".

The main score was composed with the objective of conveying "the mischievous humor and mounting suspense of Gremlins".

The soundtrack album was released by Geffen Records as a specially priced mini-album on LP and cassette Goldsmith and Debney's music comprised all of side two and reissued on compact disc in only in Germany.

In , Film Score Monthly issued a two-disc release of the soundtrack, with the complete score on disc one and the original soundtrack album on disc two representing the latter's first North American CD issue ; this was the label's final Jerry Goldsmith album.

The change to the rating system was not insignificant; the rating PG turned out to be appealing to many film patrons, as it implied some excitement without being too explicit.

Financially, Gremlins was a success. This trailer showed little of either the mogwai or the gremlins. Screenings began in Mexico, Australia, and much of the rest of Europe in December.

Mandel learned to speak his few intelligible lines, such as "Bright light! Regional music and humor were also incorporated into foreign-language versions.

Dante credited this work as being one of the factors which helped to make Gremlins a worldwide success. In addition to this, there were also complaints from audiences about the violence depicted in the film.

These complaints were particularly present in people who had brought their children to see the film, many of whom walked out of the theater before the film had ended.

Dante admitted to reporters later that "the idea of taking a 4-year-old to see Gremlins , thinking it's going to be a cuddly, funny animal movie and then seeing that it turns into a horror picture, I think people were upset They felt like they had been sold something family friendly and it wasn't entirely family friendly".

The film became available to audiences again when it was brought back to theaters on August 30, Roger Ebert approved of the film, awarding three out of four stars and declaring it to not only be "fun", but also a "sly series of send-ups", effectively parodying many elemental film storylines.

In his opinion, Gremlins did this partly through depictions of mysterious worlds the shop in Chinatown and tyrannical elderly women Mrs. Ebert also believed the rule in which a mogwai cannot eat after midnight was inspired by fairy tales , and that the final scenes parody classic horror films.

He connected Kate's speech about her father with "the great tradition of s sick jokes". We're aware at every moment that someone is trying to entertain us.

Playfulness abounds. Unfortunately, it's funniest when being most nasty. But that's all that's here in this showy display of technical talent, otherwise nearly heedless of dramatic concerns.

He called the film "icky" and "gross". While some critics criticized the film's depictions of violence and greed—such as death scenes, Kate's speech, and the gremlins' gluttony—for lacking comic value, scholar Charlotte Miller instead interpreted these as a satire of "some characteristics of Western civilization ", suggesting that Westerners may take too much satisfaction from violence.

Gremlins can also be interpreted as a statement against technology, in that some characters, such as Billy's father, are overly dependent on it.

In contrast, Mr. Wing is shown to have a strong distaste for television. At different times, they are depicted as teenagers , the wealthy establishment, or fans of Disney films.

Another scholar drew a connection between the microwave scene and urban legends about pets dying in microwave ovens. He described the portrayal of this urban legend in the film as successful, but that meant it seemed terrible.

Gremlins has been criticized for more than its depictions of violence. One BBC critic wrote in that "The plot is thin and the pacing is askew".

However, that critic also complimented the dark humour contrasted against the ideal Christmas setting. Despite the initial mixed criticism, Gremlins has continued to receive critical praise over the years and is considered by many as one of the best films of The consensus reads, "Whether you choose to see it as a statement on consumer culture or simply a special effects-heavy popcorn flick, Gremlins is a minor classic.

It included both full screen and widescreen versions and the film's trailer. It was repackaged in with the same disc, but a different cover. On August 20, , a " special edition " DVD was released, which featured cast and filmmakers' commentary and deleted scenes.

A 25th anniversary Blu-ray edition was released on December 1, Since its release, the film has been criticized as being culturally insensitive.

Jonathan Rosenbaum argued that the film presents gremlins as African Americans. They are shown "devouring fried chicken with their hands", listening to black music, breakdancing, and wearing sunglasses after dark and newsboy caps, a style common among African American males in the s.

With its commercial themes, particularly the cuteness of the character Gizmo, Gremlins became the center of considerable merchandising.

Due to this, it became part of a rising trend in film, which had received a boost from Spielberg's E. Both Gizmo and the gremlins were mass-produced as action figures , and Topps printed trading cards based upon the film.

Starting in the early s, companies such as Jun Planning and the National Entertainment Collectibles Association produced all-new Gremlins toys and collectibles.

The screenplay was adapted into a novelization by George Gipe , published by Avon Books in June The novel offered an origin for mogwai and gremlins as a prologue.

Supposedly, mogwai were created as gentle, contemplative creatures by a scientist on an alien world. However, it was discovered their physiology was unstable.

The end result was only 1 in 10, mogwai would retain their sweet, loving demeanor. The rest would change into creatures the novel referred to as "mischievous".

The minority mogwai the 1 in 10, are immortal by human standards, though Gizmo explains to Stripe if he were to undergo the transformation himself, he would become like the others, "short lived and violent.

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However, his grandson secretly sells the mogwai to Randall, warning him to remember three important rules that must never be broken: do not expose the mogwai to light, especially sunlight, which will kill it, do not let it come in contact with water, and above all, never feed it after midnight.

Randall returns home to Kingston Falls where he gives the mogwai to Billy as a pet. Billy works in the local bank, where he fears his dog Barney will be captured and killed by the elderly miser Mrs.

Randall names the mogwai "Gizmo" and Billy makes sure to treat him well. When Billy's friend Pete accidentally spills water over Gizmo, five more mogwai spawn from his back, a more troublemaking sort led by their aggressive ringleader, Stripe distinguishable from the other mogwai by the patch of white fur on his head.

Billy shows one of the mogwai to his former science teacher, Mr. Hanson, spawning another mogwai , on whom Hanson experiments.

Back at home, Stripe's gang tricks Billy into feeding them after midnight by severing the power cord to his bedside clock.

They form cocoons, as does Hanson's mogwai. Shortly after, the cocoons hatch and they emerge as mischievous, reptilian monsters referred to as 'gremlins', who then torture Gizmo and try to murder Billy's mother, while Hanson is killed by his gremlin.

All of the gremlins are killed except Stripe, who escapes the house to a local YMCA and jumps into a swimming pool , spawning a new army of gremlins who wreak chaos around Kingston Falls.

Billy tries to warn the police, but they don't believe him. Many people are injured or outright killed by the gremlins' rampage, including Mrs.

Deagle, who is launched out of her house on a stair lift that has been sabotaged by the creatures. At the local bar, the gremlins have fun until the barmaid Kate Beringer, Billy's girlfriend, flashes them with a camera and escapes into the bank with Billy and Gizmo.

While hiding, Kate reveals her father died in a chimney while dressed as Santa Claus , which made her hate Christmas since. Billy and Kate discover the town has fallen silent and the gremlins are watching Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in the local theater.

They set off an explosion, killing all the gremlins except Stripe, who left the theater to get more candy at a Montgomery Ward store across the street.

As morning approaches, Billy chases Stripe into the store, where Stripe attempts to use a water fountain to spawn more gremlins. Gizmo arrives in a toy car and opens a skylight , exposing Stripe to sunlight and melting him to his death.

In the aftermath of the rampage, Mr. Wing arrives to collect Gizmo. He scolds the Peltzers for their carelessness, and states that Western society is not ready for the responsibility of caring for mogwai , but comments that Billy might some day be ready to care for Gizmo properly.

Gizmo likewise believes so, having become attached to Billy, and says "Bye Billy" just before Mr. Wing departs with him. Gremlins was produced at a time when combining horror and comedy was becoming increasingly popular.

Carroll argued that there was now a new genre emphasizing sudden shifts between humorous and horrific scenes, drawing laughs with plot elements that have been traditionally used to scare.

The notion of gremlins was first conceived during World War II when mechanical failures in RAF aircraft were jokingly blamed on the small monsters.

The term "gremlins" also entered popular culture as children's author Roald Dahl published a book called The Gremlins in , based on the mischievous creatures.

A Bugs Bunny cartoon of the era, Falling Hare , has him battling a gremlin on an airplane. Joe Dante had read The Gremlins and said that the book was of some influence on his film.

In , Dante publicly distanced his work from earlier films, explaining, "Our gremlins are somewhat different—they're sort of green and they have big mouths and they smile a lot and they do incredibly, really nasty things to people and enjoy it all the while".

The story of Gremlins was conceived by Chris Columbus. As Columbus explained, his inspiration came from his loft, when at night "what sounded like a platoon of mice would come out and to hear them skittering around in the blackness was really creepy".

The story was not actually intended to be filmed until Steven Spielberg took an interest in turning it into a film.

After deciding to executive produce the film, Spielberg chose Dante as his director because of his experience with horror-comedy; Dante had previously directed The Howling ; however, in the time between The Howling and the offer to film Gremlins , he had experienced a lull in his career.

Spielberg took the project to Warner Bros. The film's script went through a few drafts before a shooting script was finalized. The first version was much darker than the final film.

Various scenes were cut, including one which portrayed Billy's mother dying in her struggle with the gremlins, with her head thrown down the stairs when Billy arrives.

Dante later explained the scene made the film darker than the filmmakers wanted. There was also a scene where the gremlins ate Billy's dog and a scene where the gremlins attacked a McDonald's , eating customers instead of burgers.

Also, instead of Stripe being a mogwai who becomes a gremlin, there was originally no mogwai named Stripe; rather, Gizmo was supposed to transform into Stripe the gremlin.

Spielberg overruled this plot element as he felt Gizmo was cute and that audiences would want him to be present throughout the film.

A famous urban legend is referenced in the film, [9] in which Kate reveals in a speech that her father died at Christmas when he dressed as Santa Claus and broke his neck while climbing down the family's chimney.

After the film was completed, the speech proved to be controversial, and studio executives insisted upon its removal, because they felt it was too ambiguous as to whether it was supposed to be funny or sad.

Dante stubbornly refused to take the scene out, saying it represented the film as a whole, which had a combination of horrific and comedic elements.

Spielberg did not like the scene but, despite his creative control, he viewed Gremlins as Dante's project and allowed him to leave it in.

Spielberg urged the casting of the relatively unknown Zach Galligan as Billy because he saw chemistry between Galligan and Cates during auditions.

Galligan later compared himself to Billy, saying he was a "geeky kid", and that being in the film "was really kind of a dream" given "what I get to do, what my character gets to do, blow up movie theatres", adding that he "got to work with great people".

In contrast to Galligan, many of the supporting actors and actresses were better known. Veteran actor Glynn Turman portrayed the high school science teacher whose study of a newborn mogwai leads to his death after it forms a cocoon and emerges as a vicious gremlin.

Dick Miller , who was a regular in Dante's films, was another experienced actor on the set, playing a World War II veteran who first refers to the creatures as gremlins.

Rand was played by Hoyt Axton , who was always the filmmakers' preferred choice for the role even though it was widely contested by other actors.

After an introductory scene to Gremlins was cut, Axton's voice earned him the added role of the narrator to establish some context.

Wing was played by Keye Luke , a renowned film actor, whose film career spanned half a century.

Although in reality he was around 80 at the time of filming, and his character was very elderly, Luke's youthful appearance had to be covered by make-up.

Corey Feldman , who up to that time had primarily been in commercials, played Pete Fountaine, establishing his early credentials as a child actor.

Polly Holliday , an actress best known for her role in Alice , played Mrs. Dante considered the casting fortunate, as she was well-known and he considered her to be talented.

Two other well-known actors, Fast Times ' Judge Reinhold and character actor Edward Andrews , received roles that were significantly reduced after the film was edited; they played Billy's superiors at the bank.

Deagle's house was one such set as well as the opening street scenes in Chinatown, which were filmed on the Warner Bros.

Studios backlot. This required fake snow; Dante also felt it was an atmosphere that would make the special effects more convincing.

As the special effects relied mainly on puppetry an earlier attempt to use monkeys was abandoned because the test monkey panicked when made to wear a gremlin head , [12] the actors worked alongside some of the puppets.

Nevertheless, after the actors finished their work for good, a great deal of effort was spent finishing the effects. Numerous small rubber puppets, some of which were mechanical, were used to portray Gizmo and the gremlins.

They were designed by Chris Walas. There was more than one Gizmo puppet, and occasionally Galligan, when carrying one, would set him down off camera, and when Gizmo appeared again sitting on a surface it was actually a different puppet wired to the surface.

These puppets had many limitations. The Gizmo puppets were particularly frustrating because they were smaller and thus broke down more. While Walas recommended making the mogwais larger to make their creation and functioning easier for the special effects team, Dante insisted on keeping their size small to enhance the cuteness of the creatures.

This was included on a list that the crew created known to them as the "Horrible Things to do to Gizmo" list.

A few marionettes were also used. Other effects required large mogwai faces and ears to be produced for close-ups, as the puppets were less capable of conveying emotion.

Consequently, large props simulating food were needed for the close-ups in the scene in which the mogwai feast after midnight. An enlarged Gizmo puppet was also needed for the scene in which he multiplies.

The new mogwai , who popped out of Gizmo's body as small, furry balls which then started to grow, were balloons and expanded as such.

Walas had also created the exploding gremlin in the microwave by means of a balloon that was allowed to burst.

Howie Mandel provided the voice for Gizmo, and prolific voice actor Frank Welker provided the voice for Stripe. It was Welker who suggested Mandel perform in Gremlins.

The puppets' lines were mostly invented by the voice actors, based on cues from the physical actions of the puppets, which were filmed before the voice work.

When developing the voice for Gizmo, Mandel explained, "[Gizmo was] cute and naive, so, you know, I got in touch with that I couldn't envision going any other way or do something different with it".

The main score was composed with the objective of conveying "the mischievous humor and mounting suspense of Gremlins". The soundtrack album was released by Geffen Records as a specially priced mini-album on LP and cassette Goldsmith and Debney's music comprised all of side two and reissued on compact disc in only in Germany.

In , Film Score Monthly issued a two-disc release of the soundtrack, with the complete score on disc one and the original soundtrack album on disc two representing the latter's first North American CD issue ; this was the label's final Jerry Goldsmith album.

The change to the rating system was not insignificant; the rating PG turned out to be appealing to many film patrons, as it implied some excitement without being too explicit.

Financially, Gremlins was a success. This trailer showed little of either the mogwai or the gremlins. Screenings began in Mexico, Australia, and much of the rest of Europe in December.

Mandel learned to speak his few intelligible lines, such as "Bright light! Regional music and humor were also incorporated into foreign-language versions.

Dante credited this work as being one of the factors which helped to make Gremlins a worldwide success. In addition to this, there were also complaints from audiences about the violence depicted in the film.

These complaints were particularly present in people who had brought their children to see the film, many of whom walked out of the theater before the film had ended.

Dante admitted to reporters later that "the idea of taking a 4-year-old to see Gremlins , thinking it's going to be a cuddly, funny animal movie and then seeing that it turns into a horror picture, I think people were upset They felt like they had been sold something family friendly and it wasn't entirely family friendly".

The film became available to audiences again when it was brought back to theaters on August 30, Roger Ebert approved of the film, awarding three out of four stars and declaring it to not only be "fun", but also a "sly series of send-ups", effectively parodying many elemental film storylines.

In his opinion, Gremlins did this partly through depictions of mysterious worlds the shop in Chinatown and tyrannical elderly women Mrs. Ebert also believed the rule in which a mogwai cannot eat after midnight was inspired by fairy tales , and that the final scenes parody classic horror films.

He connected Kate's speech about her father with "the great tradition of s sick jokes". We're aware at every moment that someone is trying to entertain us.

Playfulness abounds. Unfortunately, it's funniest when being most nasty. But that's all that's here in this showy display of technical talent, otherwise nearly heedless of dramatic concerns.

He called the film "icky" and "gross". While some critics criticized the film's depictions of violence and greed—such as death scenes, Kate's speech, and the gremlins' gluttony—for lacking comic value, scholar Charlotte Miller instead interpreted these as a satire of "some characteristics of Western civilization ", suggesting that Westerners may take too much satisfaction from violence.

Gremlins can also be interpreted as a statement against technology, in that some characters, such as Billy's father, are overly dependent on it.

In contrast, Mr. Wing is shown to have a strong distaste for television. At different times, they are depicted as teenagers , the wealthy establishment, or fans of Disney films.

Another scholar drew a connection between the microwave scene and urban legends about pets dying in microwave ovens. He described the portrayal of this urban legend in the film as successful, but that meant it seemed terrible.

Gremlins has been criticized for more than its depictions of violence. One BBC critic wrote in that "The plot is thin and the pacing is askew".

However, that critic also complimented the dark humour contrasted against the ideal Christmas setting. Despite the initial mixed criticism, Gremlins has continued to receive critical praise over the years and is considered by many as one of the best films of The consensus reads, "Whether you choose to see it as a statement on consumer culture or simply a special effects-heavy popcorn flick, Gremlins is a minor classic.

It included both full screen and widescreen versions and the film's trailer. It was repackaged in with the same disc, but a different cover.

On August 20, , a " special edition " DVD was released, which featured cast and filmmakers' commentary and deleted scenes. A 25th anniversary Blu-ray edition was released on December 1, Since its release, the film has been criticized as being culturally insensitive.

Jonathan Rosenbaum argued that the film presents gremlins as African Americans. They are shown "devouring fried chicken with their hands", listening to black music, breakdancing, and wearing sunglasses after dark and newsboy caps, a style common among African American males in the s.

With its commercial themes, particularly the cuteness of the character Gizmo, Gremlins became the center of considerable merchandising.

Due to this, it became part of a rising trend in film, which had received a boost from Spielberg's E. Both Gizmo and the gremlins were mass-produced as action figures , and Topps printed trading cards based upon the film.

Starting in the early s, companies such as Jun Planning and the National Entertainment Collectibles Association produced all-new Gremlins toys and collectibles.

The screenplay was adapted into a novelization by George Gipe , published by Avon Books in June The novel offered an origin for mogwai and gremlins as a prologue.

Scott Brady. Dick Miller. Keye Luke. Corey Feldman. Joe Dante. Frank Marshall. Chris Columbus. Kathleen Kennedy. John Hora. Alle anzeigen.

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